Month: November 2018

Methods of eLearning

Textual (“to read”). They are historically the first and up to the present day the most common. They are books, which differ from their paper relatives by comfort of navigation, interactivity and ability to be updated without republishing. They can be:

  • Completely textual – the text is split into paragraphs and has hypertext navigation. It is better never to use such type;
  • Illustrated – also known as “text + image”. Depending on how the “pictures” are processed they can be “a little bit better than textual” (which is still poor) up to textual courses with diagrams, illustrations, comics and interactive inserts, the most common today;
  • Wrapper for the video – if each slide in a textual course contains a video with test tasks after it, it is considered the wrapper, not a textual course, and should be evaluated according to video standards.

Video (“to watch”). The courses in simple forms are easy to make (just to videotape a presentation given by an expert), so the method is popular in e-learning. Complex, more elaborated forms prevail in courses on personnel management, as well as in advertising, image-building and ideologically directed projects. They include, as follows:

  • Video lectures – despite the simplicity of the format, they contain illustrations and diagrams to support the speech of the lecturer;
  • Video of augmented reality which is similar to a lecture, but more saturated and “polished”. The presenter, against a green screen, works for a viewer (not the audience), and the script includes the interaction of the real world and computer graphics;
  • Educational video contains training scenes involving actors. The script resembles a short film, there arise some issues related to the production, such as facilities for filming, props, makeup, transportation, crew catering. As a rule, these large-scale projects refer to courses on interpersonal disciplines (negotiations, mentoring, work with clients, etc.).

Games and simulations (“to do”). This genre is also very diverse. However, one thing in the method is common – that is “placing into circumstances” (realistic or fictional) and stating the problem, that must be solved according to the situational rules. This genre includes the following:

  • Software operation simulator, which is the simplest simulator that shows how to operate the program. They are very popular for training the personnel in operation of corporate databases or specific company software;
  • Process modeling is complex business models, packaged in online form. They can have game graphics or “technical” form of numbers and charts. Their task is to check the understanding of some process using a definite example with specified parameters;
  • Involving games are the so-called relatives of entertaining games. Involving games use the elements of competition to arouse the students’ active interest to understand the game’s plot or mechanics and through this interest to reinforce the required knowledge. Such games are common in “ideological” and courses on processes.

Thus, there are numerous e-learning methods to solve any problems. In case the learning task can be solved by the combination of several methods, you can safely use all the genres, because such combination lacks the technical constraints.

There is also the fourth possible genre, which is very rarely used in corporate training:

Scholarship Tips

Make Sure You Are Eligible

Before applying, you should read the directions and requirements carefully to ensure that you are eligible. Remember: your application will be rejected if you are not eligible.

Identify the Goals of The Sponsor

You should try to identify the goals of the sponsor. Do they want the people to show interest in a certain field? Maybe they are looking for some business leaders and researchers for future needs. If you succeed in identifying their goals, we suggest that you emphasis these goals in your application to increase your chances of qualifying for the award.

Follow The Directions

You must follow the directions. In other words, your application should have all what is required. Your application should be complete as an incomplete application is likely to be thrown away. Make sure the application doesn’t have spelling or grammar errors.

Put Together a Great Resume

Make a list of your accomplishments as this will help show your strengths to the reviewers. Aside from this, you provide the writers of the letters of recommendation with a copy of your resume.

Respect all deadlines.

You should set a deadline for yourself, and make sure the deadline is at least a couple of weeks away. You can use this time to review your application to make sure it is free of errors.

All parts of your application should reach the reviewers in time. The important parts include different documents, such as transcripts and letters of recommendation. What you need to do is make sure that the reviews of your application will have enough time to include the necessary things.

Make a Copy

It’s important to make a copy of your packet to serve as a backup. If your application doesn’t reach the office due to some unknown reason, you can reproduce and resend it without any problem.

Effective Delivery of a Live Online Class

First and foremost, you ought to make sure that you prepare the online class as well as you can. This means that you need to transform some of your class material because not all fits in an online course. You do not want to bore your audience with uninspiring educational material when you can adjust your resources to the contemporary needs of your students.

Another thing that you ought to focus on is the ongoing communication and frequent feedback as to the progress of each student. You must be kept approachable, as this is the backbone of how to sell a training service. With feedback and notes on progress, every student is able to see how he performs in the class. As a result, students will know if they are doing OK and if they can do anything to improve over time.

You need to assign projects and exercises to the students, obliging them to complete them and send them over for evaluation. If you do not stress out the mandatory character of these assignments, chances are that not many students will actually complete them. Keep in mind, though, that more time is needed for online assignments to complete than it would in a regular course.

Motivate your students and be strict as to deadlines. Online classes can either turn to be tedious or chaotic, in terms of deadlines. Make use of the timeline you have set on your mind at the beginning of the class and stick to it. Let your students know in advance when their assignments are due and when they will take their final tests. Offer them motivation and increase collaboration among them.

Internship From Ex Interns

Be Creative

Irrespective of the profession you are in, you can go abroad for an internship. Actually, when creative minds come together, brilliant innovations and ideas get formed. What you need to do is do your research. Your creativeness will help you have a lot fun while doing your internship in your desired organization.

Culture Shock

As a new intern, you should be ready for the culture shock in the target country. What you need to understand is that that country may be a different world and may be totally different from many countries. So, you may find that the culture is really different when you are over there. But don’t worry as you will get familiar with the culture in a few months.

Study Another Language

Learning Mandarin can also help you with your internship if you are going to China for internship, for instance. If you want to learn this language, know that the learning revolves around memorization. By investing enough time, you can learn this language in an easy way.

Foreign Company

You may want to look for a foreign internship agency with an office in that country. It’s not a good idea to do an internship in the target country if you are not good at the language that is spoken over there. Trusting rumors is not a good idea either.

Consider A Big City

In your desired country, it’s a good idea to choose a big city for internship. Doing an internship in China, say, is quite rewarding, especially if you are going to do it in Shanghai. As a matter of fact, Shanghai is a great place. Getting familiar with the Chinese culture will also help. Aside from this, you may want to read up on the finance sector as well as the consultation sector. This will help you know the importance of network and the way you can build them.

Find the Career That Is Right for You

Decide what you want to do.

Before anyone can provide career advice, it’s important that each of us knows exactly the type of work that we want to do. If we’re unsure regarding what makes us happy, any recommendation is going to fall short of expectations. While attending undergraduate school at St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, Texas, I realized that my future was in education. In other words, I was going to share knowledge with people who wanted to learn. While I started teaching at Houston Community College, I later realized that my instruction skills were also in demand as a corporate trainer, which expanded advancement opportunities.

If you are unhappy with your current career, take action today to make a move. This doesn’t mean that you will submit your later of resignation tomorrow morning, but it does mean that you are going to start the process to make the change. Many of you are probably doing that right now by pursing a degree, earning a professional certification, and gaining work experience.

Don’t be afraid to take an entry level job.

Most people are unwilling to change careers because it feels like they are starting brand new. Doing something else for a living might mean that one must accept an entry level job, which might be necessary. However, because of your experience, and your passion to do well, promotions will come faster. If the pay differential is too big, I recommend putting money aside that will allow you to maintain a similar lifestyle until the compensation in your new job catches-up. You will undoubtedly have to make some sacrifices, but being happy about your career is worth it. The opposite is that you keep working where you are even though you can’t stand it.

Make sure to focus on the long-term benefits.

It’s human nature to expect good results as fast as possible. The most successful people are usually 40-years and older. The reason people earn more money with age is because the work experience they have is invaluable. These folks have learned how to make tough decisions even when insufficient data is available. With experience, we also learn how to communicate with different types of stakeholders, ranging from frontline personnel to the executives.

Please know that I’m making a general comment about how work experience can lead to good results. I do understand that some young people are doing super-well today, especially because they possess strong technical skills. However, company leaders are looking for candidates who have a macro or big picture understanding of the organization. These skills are earned over many years of trial-and-error.

Educating for Impending Careers

Let’s examine the existing paradigm that traditionally and currently defines most American high schools and colleges. There are two patterns at play based on the concepts of liberal education and career-focused education. By the time a student reaches high school they select or have selected for them one of these persuasions or the other.

Liberal (or liberal arts) education refers to an approach that encourages a broad and diverse exposure to fundamental and diverse subject matter with the goal being to educate a student for a complex world requiring a variety of perspectives, skills, and areas of knowledge. When and if college is reached the student fits into this mix a concentrated focus in one or more disciplines.

A career-focused or vocational path on the other hand focuses much more on preparing the student for a relevant job that is in demand in the workforce. Breadth gives way to depth in that a craft or skill set demonstrably employable is chosen, studied, and eventually mastered by the student.

To be clear I am not suggesting that there is anything fundamentally wrong with these models. My concern is in the traditional modes of delivery of them. We are still under the assumption that a high school diploma and / or college degree program that terminates upon graduation is enough to provide a student for a lifetime career. It used to be, but projections are that it won’t be enough going forward.

The workplace and its career needs are becoming increasingly digitized and globalized, resulting in an urgency for malleable, resilient, and entrepreneurial workers to address the ever vibrant economic demands across the planet. To maintain these attributes workers will need to accept and embrace continuous lifelong learning, upskilling, and training to keep up and stay ahead. Schooling will never end. In fact it will become an integral and ongoing part of any advantageous job worth having for most.

We will likely see a time when liberal and career-focused methods become more of an as-needed hybrid with a greater proliferation of skill and knowledge-based certification and training programs not necessarily tied to slow moving traditional education settings. Students, employees, and educators will begin migrating more intentionally into online, virtual, and yes, brick & mortar learning facilities that offer the highest quality, data driven, short and long-term instruction essential to the requirements of the emerging economy.

As an educator myself with 31 years in public schools and 5 years as a part time college adjunct I can say with some certainty that this industry will not on its own move in this direction without a lot of resistance. There are many entrenched interests compelled to resist such changes. A more responsive and pragmatic instructional delivery will likely arise from a combination of innovative educators and demanding students and employees requiring relevant reactive instruction.

Fatal System Errors in the US Education System

Closed for Business!

Schools find their existence tied to community standards and financial restraints based on the community support… or lack of. The result is that schools are closing at an alarming rate across the country. The decision to close a school rarely reflects the needs of a community or, more importantly, the needs of the students!

There seems to be less concern for the needs of the communities children’s education than the economic demands of the location of the school or the resources available. Where is the federal government when this happens? Well, they are partially to blame. The government rhetoric details the need for affordable, quality education while they demand that school systems adhere to specific federal mandates that tie the school administration’s hands to comply with political wants. So much for federal support.

Two-Gallons of milk in a one-gallon jug!

So, how many kids can you cram into a classroom and still teach effectively? That depends on whether you are looking to teach the children or be a daycare service. I know, pretty harsh but look at the function of schools today. They take your children and house them and feed them for about 6-7 hours a day. Mostly providing them with basic discipline and food that they rarely get a t home! Oh yes, admin it. Teachers are required to discipline your children in a crowded atmosphere where safety is no longer guaranteed and education takes a back seat to providing basic needs that parents are unwilling to, uneducated to or unable to provide. Wait, what about education? Well, there is so little time for that that caring for them takes priority over teaching them.

Secondarily, because of the constraints of federally-mandated guidelines, the children are taught in a cookie-cutter style standard of personality-limiting, creative-minimizing and individually-restrictive processes to get them to their adulthood. Basic education with basic performance that aligns children to basic standards that align with everyone else’s basic needs. Sad because it is done in crowded classrooms where teachers are forced to “teach” more children than one person could attend to. How effective is that?

If You Do What You’ve Always Done… You’ll Get What You’ve Always Gotten!

How can we expect our children to excel when their parents are minimally educated. One must understand that this cycle of poor education will produce more poorly educated children who will produce more poorly-educated children and so on and so on. Parents are so busy struggling to make a living today because of a poor economy or a lack of opportunity that there is little time to attend to their children’s education at home let alone at school. Involvement is also critical especially when the parents are minimally educated because they lack the foresight and experience to guide a young person to the right path. The result is a continually-repeated system that fails students and undermines this country’s future. It matters not whether you are poor and struggling to make a living that doesn’t allow for time to teach your kids at home OR whether your well off and struggle to maintain a career that doesn’t allow for time to attend to your kids at home. Either way, the education suffers.

Job-Seeking in the Digital Age

Run a Facebook ad campaign

Job seekers need to get their resume to the right person in the organisation, but that seldom happens. The job application might fall to a clerk or an automated system that scans for keywords as an initial selection criteria, or the resume is just lost among the thousands of submissions for a single position.

What if the job seeker went to find the right person directly, using the vast database of profiles that is Facebook? (LinkedIn works too, but it’s already crowded with job requests today).

In a nutshell, job applicants should have an online resume hosted on LinkedIn or a personal website. Run an ad campaign on this website, and target managerial users employed by the companies you are aiming to join. You’ll be surprised how many people put these private information on their Facebook profiles!

Letterbox distribution

Who says flyers are only for salespeople? Target the occupants in a particular geographic location if it makes sense! Senior management folks are likely to stay in landed estates and expensive neighbourhoods, so drop resumes there! Just make sure to sure to use quality paper and add in a cover letter.

Be a thought leader. Or at least someone that someone else knows about.

This may take a bit more time, but by maintaining a blog and participating actively in related physical meetups and conferences, Facebook and LinkedIn groups, Quora, Medium, Thought Catalog, Github / Stackoverflow (for developers) and other online communities, you gain street cred. In time, your website and articles will replace your resume as your professional marketing channel.

These ideas may seem a bit odd and quite troublesome, compared to the spray-and-pray approach in sending out resumes. In the business of guerrilla advertising, it’s always the scrappy startups that beat the well-funded MNCs because of their unconventional approach.

For the job seeker with no lack of job offers, just use what works already. But for the woefully unemployed wondering what is going wrong, consider a change in strategy. Oh, and save on giving away a part of your salary to a career counselor or manpower agency. This is free advice!

Canadian Education System

The Education System

In Canada, governments at provincial and territorial levels govern education. Therefore, there is a little difference between each education system. For example, the difference is that the grades where the levels start and end are different. Each province and territory offers free education for 12 years. However, for Quebec, the free education is offered for 11 years. Based on the province, education is a must for age 15 and 18.

Education levels

Now, let us read up on the education offered at different levels in Canada. This will give you a lot better idea of how the education system works over there.

  • Elementary. Typically, kids aged 5 enter kindergarten. In elementary schools, kids study from grade one to grade 6. Afterwards, the students study for 2 years. In other areas, the school offers education till grade 8. As far as Quebec goes, the elementary school provides education from grade 1 to grade 6. Afterwards, the students go directly to high school.
  • Secondary. Most often, secondary school is called high school. In these schools, students study from grade 9 to grade 12. Moreover, in areas with junior high and middle school, it includes both grade 7 and grade 8. On the other hand, in Quebec, students study from grade 7 to grade 11. Afterwards, the students study in CEGEP for 24 months and then go to university.
  • Post-secondary. This level of education consists of career college, grade school, university and community college.

Programs for language

In Canada, language programs are provided at private language schools, universities, colleges, high schools and middle schools. Since English is the international language, more importance is given to teach this language across Canada.

Structure

Districts: In Canada, the division of provinces is done based school districts. Moreover, school districts include school boards that implement curriculum and policy established by the province. Usually, a school district provides services to a couple of towns or cities based on their size.

Religious affiliation

Schools can be Christian, Catholic or secular. However, in some provinces, you can find different school boards for both non-religious and religious schools. So, students from religious families can also go to the school based on their religious affiliation.

Private and public

The education system in Canada consists of public schools as well as private schools. The public schools receive funds from the government. On the other hand, private schools don’t get funded by the government and students have to pay fees to study in private school. Moreover, at the post secondary level, students pay a considerably smaller amount of tuition fee than in private universities.

So, this was a brief introduction to the education system in Canada.

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Info of Industrial Engineering

The main cause for the drastic development in Western and European countries is due to this. This engineering section believes in the concepts of low price and high production. Industrial Engineering adopts and alters its techniques in accordance with the business structure of a particular sector.

It is a broader concept, and we provide expertise tips to cautiously approach this technique to all the interested people out there.

This Engineering segment is that branch of engineering knowledge and practices which-

Analyses, measures and improves the methods of performing the assigned tasks to individuals.

Designs and installs better systems of integrating the tasks assigned to a group.

Specifies, Predicts and evaluates the results obtained.

It does so by applying to materials, equipment, and works specialized knowledge and skill in the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design.

The contribution of industrial engineering lies in the management of decision – making process. The problems existing in this area deal with the optimum utilization of men, materials, equipment and energy to achieve the purpose of organization.

The managers of the organization need factual information arranged to define alternatives and consequences to help them recognize and solve existing problems. Industrial engineering collects analysis and arranges this information in such a way as to fulfill the management need, as well as searches for better way to do the job. Industrial engineering operate in two major areas, the design of new systems and the maintenance and improvement of existing systems.

Present management expects industrial engineering to be capable of assisting in and performing the following services.

Assist management on cost reduction.

Assist management in increasing the productivity of human and productive resources.

Develop management information flow systems.

Conduct organizational studies and design new organizational systems.

Develop data processing and computer control system.

Co-ordinate development of corporate maintenance policies and programmes.

Formulate and recommend corporate inventory management policies and rules.

Initiate, develop and recommend corporate equipment replacement policies.

Assist management in developing production strategies.

Develop production planning and scheduling procedures.

Establish engineered standards of performance for management control.

Determine and recommend the optimum usage of plant, equipment and office facilities.

Verify economic feasibility of capital expenditure requests.

Conduct manufacturing and office methods survey.

Provide help to all levels of management in solving problems requiring statistical and applied mathematical analysis.

Assist management in decision-making through the use of computers or through the development of mathematical models stimulating complex business problems.

Co-ordinate studies involving line and staff functions crossing divisional lines.

Assist management in formulating and developing corporate policies and procedures.

Develop and recommend production and quality control programmers.

WORK STUDY